In Yellow Birch, sapwood is creamy yellow or pale white; heartwood is light reddish brown tinged with red. In sweet birch, sapwood is light colored and heartwood is dark brown tinged with red. Paper birch is softer and lower in weight and strength compared to yellow or sweet birch. However, yellow birch is most commonly used for flooring. Boards can vary greatly in grain and colour.

Birch has a large color variation in its grain, with natural highlights for a distinct appearance. Birch comes in different types and can range in hardness from 910 to 1360 on the Janka scale.

Birch is available in site-finished, pre-finished solid hardwood or engineered hardwood. All pre-finished options are listed below.